JURIST Legal News

JURIST's legal news service, powered by a team of over 40 law student reporters and editors led by Professor Bernard Hibbitts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law.
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[JURIST] There are still persistent levels of unethical business conduct around the world as there has been great political change and increased economic uncertainty, stated Ernst & Young's Fraud Investigation & Dispute Services [corporate website] in their 2017 Fraud Survey [text, PDF] released on Thursday. The survey focuses on Europe, the Middle East, India, and Africa. Nearly 1 in 5 respondents would be prepared to act unethically if it would benefit them and 2 in 5 believe their colleagues would...
Cuba agreed [press release] on Thursday to a visit from UN Special Rapporteur Maria Grazia Giammarinaro to assess the human trafficking situation in the country. This visit will be the first in ten years by an independent expert of the UN Human Rights Council [official website]. According to Giammarinaro, her visit is "an opportunity to meet relevant authorities and key people and groups, to determine the progress made and the challenges Cuba faces in addressing trafficking for sexual and labour...
Samsung head Lee Jae-yong on Friday denied [Korea Herald report] the bribery charges brought against him in his first court appearance before the Seoul Central District Court [official website, in Korean]. Lee was arrested in February and is accused of giving $38.2 million to an adivsor of ousted South korean President Park Geun-hye [BBC backgrounder]. In return for the alleged bribe, prosecutors argue that Park eased regulations, revised relevant corporate laws, and pressured a state agency to back a merger...
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit [official website] upheld [opinion, PDF] a preliminary injunction against Ohio's lethal injection process. The court ruled [Reuters, PDF] that the only question before them was whether the lower court abused its discretion in allowing the injunction, which the court of appeals held it did not. This case is a result of Ohio planning on using a new, three-drug process that have previously caused problems in executions in Ohio and Arizona. Ohio...
UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Jean-Pierre Lacroix [official profile] described the security situation in Mali as "alarming" during his first briefing [materials] on Thursday. While acknowledging the progress resulting since the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali [text, PDF] was signed, Lacroix stated that Mali requires continued support from the international community, including potential changes to UN operations in the country, to overcome increased terrorism. Lacroix specifically pointed to the finding that terrorist groups have been integrating under a...
[JURIST] Twitter, Inc. [corporate website] filed a lawsuit [complaint, PDF] against the US government challenging an order to release the identity of the user operating an anti-Trump Twitter account (@ALT_uscis) [Twitter profile]. This account describes itself as "immigration resistance" and is openly critical of the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) [official website] and the Trump administration, and it is claimed to be operated by employees of the US Citizen and Immigration Service [official websites] within DHS. In the complaint...
[JURIST] Republic chairman of the Intelligence Committee Devin Nunes [official profile] announced [press release] Thursday that he would temporarily step aside on committee's investigation into possible Russian interference into the 2016 presidential election.The House Ethics Committee [official website] announced it will be investigating the congressman for disclosing unauthorized classified information which the congressman denies. Nunes will continue working on other cases and has handed responsibility for the Russian investigation over to Representative Mike Conaway [official profile]. "I will continue to...
The Iowa House approved a bill [text] Thursday that implements the most strict restrictions on abortion the state has ever had. The bill prohibits all abortions after 20 weeks into the pregnancy and enacts a 72 hour waiting period before any woman can get an abortion. The debate [IPR report] over the bill extended for over 6 hours. House Republicans were seeking to pass a series of bills that would have banned all abortions, or one that would ban abortions...
A lawyer for the Department of Justice said Thursday that the department has "grave concerns" over the Baltimore Police Reform consent decree [text, PDF] negotiated [JURIST report] under former President Obama. This took place during a hearing [order, PDF] intended to allow the public to share their thoughts on the settlement. The city solicitor [official website] and several Baltimore residents asked the judge to approve the agreement negotiated by the previous administration. Attorney General Sessions has spoken against backlash and...
The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) [official website] filed suit against Apple [corporate website] on Thursday alleging [press release] that the company made "false, misleading, or deceptive representations" to consumers. The allegations stem from an investigation into reports of devices being disabled after downloading an operating system update. The ACCC claims that the company denied specific devices, which had been previously repaired by third parties, a free remedy. "Denying a consumer their consumer guarantee rights simply because they had...
[JURIST] The Russian Supreme Court [official website, in Russian] began hearings on Wednesday on a request [RAPSI report] to outlaw the Jehovah's Witnesses religious group. The Russian Ministry of Justice [official website, in Russian] has named the group on a list of extremist organizations. The ministry argues that Jehovah's Witnesses' common practice of passing out pamphlets incites hatred against other groups and violates anti-extremist legislation. On Wednesday the Supreme Court dismissed [RAPSI report] a countersuit filed by Jehovah's Witnesses against...
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom [official website] on Thursday ruled [text, PDF] that parents who remove their children from school during the term may be subject to prosecution. Jon Platt was facing this prosecution after a 7 day trip in 2015 in which he removed his daughter to vacation in Florida. The court was examining if this was a violation of The Education Act of 1996 [materials] which looks to ensure that parents make their children regularly attend...
The South Africa Constitutional Court [official website] dismissed the Department of Environmental Affairs's (SADEA) [official website] appeal to maintain the moratorium on domestic trade of rhino horn on Wednesday. The moratorium was issued in 2009 under section 57(2) of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004 [text, PDF], which was enacted to protect species and ecosystems in danger. The High Courts of South Africa's Gauteng Division set aside the moratorium in November 2015, which made domestic trade of rhino horn...
The City of Osaka, Japan on Wednesday became the first city [official website] in the country to recognize same-sex couples as foster parents. The city government officially certified two men as foster parents of a teenage boy who has been under their care since February [Japan Times report]. The couple first consulted the Osaka City child consultation center in the fall of 2015 about adopting the said teenager [Japan Today report]. Following that, they attended lectures, training, and reviews, as...
Democrats in the US Senate [official website] filibustered the nomination [Senate materials] of Supreme Court [official website] potential appointee Neil Gorsuch [SCOTUSblog profile] on Thursday. Republicans countered by changing Senate procedure [NYT article] to secure a vote on the nomination. The procedure change, known as the so-called "nuclear option," will allow the Senate to end the debate and force a vote on the nomination with a simple majority. The original procedure required 60 votes. Out of the 100 seats, Republicans...
Earthjustice [advocacy website], an environmental law advocacy group filed a motion [PDF] on Wednesday, on behalf of two other environmental groups asking a three-judge panel of the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit [official website] to order the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) [official website] to ban chlorpyrifos - a pesticide widely used for various fruits, vegetables, and wheat grown in the US. The suit comes a week after EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt [official profile] signed an order denying...
[JURIST] A Department of Homeland Security (DHS) spokesman announced [materials] Wednesday that President Donald Trump's administration was no longer planning to separate women and children at the US' southern border as a means of deterring immigration. Speaking to a US Senate [official website] panel, Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly [official website] stated that it was no longer within the Trump administration's plans to separate families. Speaking anonymously, a DHS official attributed [Reuters report] the change in procedure to declining numbers...
Amnesty International (AI) [official website] released a report [official report] Wednesday criticizing the role two companies are playing in a refugee "processing" system Australia is carrying out [press release] on the Pacific island of Nauru. AI says that for multiple years, Australia has operated an offshore processing site on Nauru where refugees and asylum seekers are isolated in remote locations and subjected to cruel and degrading conditions and are often forbidden from leaving the island even when granted refugee status....
[JURIST] US President Donald Trump on Tuesday removed [executive order] Chief Political Strategist Steve Bannon [BBC backgrounder] from the National Security Council (NSC). Bannon was a controversial pick for the council, and according to the administration, was only placed on the council to help Trump control then-national security adviser Michael Flynn [official website]. With Flynn resigning [text] in February, the administration says Bannon is no longer need on the NSC. Instead, Bannon will continue to advise Trump, while National Security...
Human Rights Watch (HRW) [Official website] condemned [press release] on Wednesday a new Ukrainian anti-corruption law [text, in Ukrainian] that requires activists and journalists who report on government corruption to file public declarations of their personal assets. The law was passed by the Ukrainian Parliament on March 23 and signed by President Petro Poroshenko on March 27. An amendment had been introduced to exempt independent groups and journalists, but that amendment was not included in the final law. Failure by...

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